ptgx_Current_Folio_10Q

Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549


FORM 10‑Q


 

 

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2018

or

 

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from                      to

Commission File No. 001‑37852


PROTAGONIST THERAPEUTICS, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)


 

 

 

Delaware

    

98‑0505495

(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

 

 

 

7707 Gateway Boulevard, Suite 140
Newark, California 94560‑1160

 

(510) 474‑0170

(Address, including zip code, of registrant’s principal executive offices)

 

(Telephone number, including area code, of registrant’s principal executive offices)

 


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.   Yes  ☒    No  ◻

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).   Yes  ☒    No  ◻

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b‑2 of the Exchange Act

 

 

 

 

 

Large accelerated filer

 

Accelerated filer

 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer

 

Smaller reporting company

 

 

 

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b‑2 of the Exchange Act of 1934).     Yes  ◻    No  ☒

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

 

 

 

Class

    

Outstanding at October 31, 2018

Common Stock, $0.00001 par value

 

24,186,019

 

 

 


 

Table of Contents

PROTAGONIST THERAPEUTICS, INC.

FORM 10‑Q

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

 

 

Page

 

 

 

PART I 

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

Item 1. 

Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

1

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

2

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss

3

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

4

 

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

5

Item 2. 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

26

Item 3. 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

37

Item 4. 

Controls and Procedures

37

 

 

 

PART II 

OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

Item 1. 

Legal Proceedings

38

Item 1A. 

Risk Factors

38

Item 2. 

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

91

Item 3. 

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

91

Item 4. 

Mine Safety Disclosure

91

Item 5. 

Other Information

91

Item 6. 

Exhibits

91

 

SIGNATURES

94

 

 

 

 


 

Table of Contents

PART I. – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1.FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

PROTAGONIST THERAPEUTICS, INC.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(Unaudited)

(In thousands, except share and per share data)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

September 30, 

 

December 31,

 

    

2018

    

2017

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

87,427

 

$

106,029

Restricted cash

 

 

10

 

 

10

Available-for-sale securities

 

 

51,090

 

 

37,972

Receivable from collaboration partner - related party

 

 

4,586

 

 

1,816

Research and development tax incentive receivable

 

 

1,155

 

 

1,347

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

3,234

 

 

3,773

Total current assets

 

 

147,502

 

 

150,947

Property and equipment, net

 

 

904

 

 

879

Restricted cash - noncurrent

 

 

450

 

 

450

Available-for-sale securities - noncurrent

 

 

 —

 

 

11,458

Total assets

 

$

148,856

 

$

163,734

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

  

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

4,871

 

$

1,257

Payable to collaboration partner - related party

 

 

764

 

 

 —

Accrued expenses and other payables

 

 

10,496

 

 

9,546

Deferred revenue - related party

 

 

7,970

 

 

31,752

Total current liabilities

 

 

24,101

 

 

42,555

Deferred rent - noncurrent

 

 

797

 

 

547

Total liabilities

 

 

24,898

 

 

43,102

Commitments and contingencies (Note 8)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $0.00001 par value, 10,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding 

 

 

 —

 

 

Common stock, $0.00001 par value, 90,000,000 shares authorized; 24,138,102 and 21,088,306 shares issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively

 

 

 —

 

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

250,670

 

 

222,188

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

 

(103)

 

 

(6)

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(126,609)

 

 

(101,550)

Total stockholders’ equity

 

 

123,958

 

 

120,632

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

$

148,856

 

$

163,734

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

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PROTAGONIST THERAPEUTICS, INC.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

(Unaudited)

(In thousands, except share and per share data)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Nine Months Ended

 

 

September 30, 

 

September 30, 

 

    

2018

    

2017

    

2018

    

2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

License and collaboration revenue - related party

 

$

6,117

 

$

8,781

 

$

28,572

 

$

8,781

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

 

12,145

 

 

11,168

 

 

45,249

 

 

34,457

General and administrative

 

 

3,361

 

 

2,593

 

 

10,180

 

 

8,708

Total operating expenses

 

 

15,506

 

 

13,761

 

 

55,429

 

 

43,165

Loss from operations

 

 

(9,389)

 

 

(4,980)

 

 

(26,857)

 

 

(34,384)

Interest income

 

 

654

 

 

155

 

 

1,798

 

 

479

Net loss

 

$

(8,735)

 

$

(4,825)

 

$

(25,059)

 

$

(33,905)

Net loss per share, basic and diluted

 

$

(0.38)

 

$

(0.29)

 

$

(1.15)

 

$

(2.01)

Weighted-average shares used to compute net loss per share, basic and diluted

 

 

22,912,279

  

 

16,911,575

 

 

21,750,562

  

 

16,851,672

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

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PROTAGONIST THERAPEUTICS, INC.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss

(Unaudited)

(In thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Nine Months Ended

 

 

September 30, 

 

September 30, 

 

    

2018

    

2017

    

2018

    

2017

Net loss

 

$

(8,735)

 

$

(4,825)

 

$

(25,059)

 

$

(33,905)

Other comprehensive loss:

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

  

 

 

Loss (gain) on translation of foreign operations

 

 

(63)

 

 

73

 

 

(149)

 

 

324

Unrealized gain on available-for-sale securities

 

 

46

 

 

24

 

 

52

 

 

21

Comprehensive loss

 

$

(8,752)

 

$

(4,728)

 

$

(25,156)

 

$

(33,560)

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

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PROTAGONIST THERAPEUTICS, INC.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(Unaudited)

(In thousands) 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nine Months Ended

 

 

September 30, 

 

    

2018

    

2017

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES

 

 

  

 

 

  

Net loss

 

$

(25,059)

 

$

(33,905)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by (used in)  operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

4,847

 

 

3,052

Net amortization of premium on available-for-sale securities

 

 

304

 

 

497

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

399

 

 

289

Loss on disposal of property and equipment

 

 

 —

 

 

(62)

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development tax incentive receivable

 

 

96

 

 

1,530

Receivable from collaboration partner - related party

 

 

(2,770)

 

 

(520)

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

 

526

 

 

1,034

Accounts payable

 

 

3,617

 

 

1,096

Payable to collaboration partner - related party

 

 

764

 

 

 —

Accrued expenses and other payables

 

 

1,246

 

 

3,271

Deferred revenue - related party

 

 

(23,782)

 

 

41,739

Net cash provided by (used in)  operating activities

 

 

(39,812)

 

 

18,021

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase of available-for-sale securities

 

 

(51,947)

 

 

(28,154)

Proceeds from maturities of available-for-sale securities

 

 

50,035

 

 

39,835

Purchases of property and equipment, net

 

 

(424)

 

 

(610)

Net cash provided by (used in)  by investing activities

 

 

(2,336)

 

 

 11,071

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from issuance of common stock and warrants in private placement, net of issuance costs

 

 

21,679

 

 

 —

Proceeds from issuance of common stock in at-the-market offerings, net of issuance costs

 

 

1,025

 

 

 —

Proceeds from issuance of common stock upon exercise of stock options and purchases under employee stock purchase plan

 

 

932

 

 

789

Payment of deferred offering costs

 

 

 —

 

 

(297)

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

 

23,636

 

 

492

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

 

(90)

 

 

177

Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

 

(18,602)

 

 

29,761

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of year

 

 

106,489

 

 

21,094

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period

 

$

87,887

 

$

50,855

SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF NON-CASH FINANCING AND INVESTING INFORMATION:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acquisition of new equipment upon trade-in for existing equipment

 

$

 —

 

$

185

Purchases of property and equipment in accounts payable

 

$

 —

 

$

 6

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

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PROTAGONIST THERAPEUTICS, INC.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Note 1. Organization and Description of Business

Protagonist Therapeutics, Inc. (the “Company”) was incorporated in the state of Delaware on August 22, 2006 and is headquartered in Newark, California. The Company is a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company with a proprietary technology platform that enables the discovery and development of novel constrained peptide-based drug candidates that address significant unmet medical needs. Protagonist Pty Limited (“Protagonist Australia”) is a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company and is located in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. Protagonist Australia was incorporated in Australia in September 2001. The Company became the parent of Protagonist Australia pursuant to a transaction in which all of the issued and outstanding capital stock of Protagonist Australia was exchanged for shares of the Company’s common stock and Series A preferred stock. The Company manages its operations as a single operating segment.

Liquidity

The Company has incurred net losses from operations since inception and has an accumulated deficit of $126.6 million as of September 30, 2018. The Company’s ultimate success depends on the outcome of its research and development activities. The Company expects to incur additional losses in the future and it anticipates the need to raise additional capital to fully implement its business plan. Through September 30, 2018, the Company has financed its operations primarily through private placements of redeemable convertible preferred stock, offerings of common stock and payments received under a license and collaboration agreement.

In September 2017, the Company filed a registration statement on Form S-3 with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) (File No. 333-220314), effective as of October 5, 2017, as amended,  which permits the offering, issuance, and sale by the Company of up to a maximum aggregate offering price of $200.0 million of its common stock.  Up to a maximum of $50.0 million of the maximum aggregate offering price of $200.0 million may be issued and sold pursuant to an at-the-market (“ATM”) financing facility under a sales agreement with Cantor Fitzgerald & Co. (the “Sales Agreement”). The Company pays Cantor Fitzgerald & Co. up to 3% of gross proceeds for any common stock sold through the Sales Agreement. The Company sold 103,500 shares of its common stock pursuant to the Sales Agreement during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 for net proceeds of $1.1 million. As of September 30, 2018, $48.8 million of common stock remained available for sale under the ATM financing facility.

In October 2017, the Company completed an underwritten public offering of 3,530,000 shares of common stock at a public offering price of $17.00 per share. In November 2017, the Company issued an additional 529,500 shares of its common stock at a price of $17.00 per share following the underwriters’ exercise of their option to purchase additional shares. Net proceeds, after deducting underwriting commissions and offering costs paid by the Company, were $64.5 million.

On August 6, 2018, the Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement with certain accredited investors (each, an “Investor” and, collectively, the “Investors”), pursuant to which the Company sold an aggregate of 2,750,000 shares of its common stock at a price of $8.00 per share, for aggregate gross proceeds of approximately $22.0 million, before deducting offering expenses payable by the Company. In a concurrent private placement, the Company issued  the Investors warrants to purchase an aggregate of 2,750,000 shares of its common stock (each, a “Warrant,” and collectively, the “Warrants”).  Each Warrant is exercisable from August 8, 2018 through August 8, 2023. Warrants to purchase 1,375,000 shares of the Company’s common stock have an exercise price of $10.00 per share and Warrants to purchase 1,375,000 shares of the Company’s common stock have an exercise price of $15.00 per share. The exercise price and number of shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of the Warrants (the “Warrant Shares”) are subject to adjustment in the event of any stock dividends and splits, reverse stock split, recapitalization, reorganization or

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Table of Contents

PROTAGONIST THERAPEUTICS, INC.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

similar transaction, as described in the Warrants. Under certain circumstances, the warrants may be exercisable on a “cashless” basis. In connection with the issuance and sale of the common stock and Warrants, the Company granted the Investors certain registration rights with respect to the Warrants and the Warrant Shares. The common stock and warrants are classified as equity in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification Topic 480, Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity, and the net proceeds from the transaction were recorded as a credit to additional paid-in capital. As of September 30, 2018, none of the warrants have been exercised.

The Company will continue to seek funds through equity or debt financings, collaborative or other arrangements with corporate sources, or through other sources of financing, but there is no assurance that such financing will be available at terms acceptable to the Company, if at all. 

Note 2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and applicable rules and regulations of the SEC regarding interim financial reporting. As permitted under those rules, certain footnotes or other financial information that are normally required by GAAP have been condensed or omitted, and accordingly the consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2017 has been derived from the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements at that date but does not include all of the information required by GAAP for complete consolidated financial statements. These unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the same basis as the Company’s annual consolidated financial statements and, in the opinion of management, reflect all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring adjustments) that are necessary for a fair statement of the Company’s consolidated financial information. The results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the year ending December 31, 2018 or for any other interim period or for any other future year.

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements and related financial information should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and the related notes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2017 included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10‑K, filed with the SEC on March 7, 2018.

Principles of Consolidation

The accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiary. All intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated upon consolidation.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of the condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates, assumptions and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the condensed consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. On an ongoing basis, management evaluates its estimates related to revenue recognition, accruals for research and development activities, stock-based compensation, and income taxes. Estimates related to revenue recognition include actual costs incurred versus total estimated budgeted

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PROTAGONIST THERAPEUTICS, INC.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

cost of the Company’s deliverables, actual costs versus total estimated budget to determine percentage of completion, and application of constraint in the determination of transaction price under its license and collaboration agreement with Janssen Biotech, Inc. (the "Janssen License and Collaboration Agreement"). Management bases these estimates on historical and anticipated results, trends, and various other assumptions that the Company believes are reasonable under the circumstances, including assumptions as to forecasted amounts and future events. Actual results may differ significantly from those estimates.

Concentrations of Credit Risk

Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to a concentration of credit risk consist of cash, cash equivalents and available-for-sale securities. Substantially all of the Company’s cash is held by three financial institutions that management believes are of high credit quality. Such deposits may, at times, exceed federally insured limits. The primary focus of the Company’s investment strategy is to preserve capital and to meet liquidity requirements. The Company’s cash equivalents and available-for-sale securities are managed by external managers within the guidelines of the Company’s investment policy. The Company’s investment policy addresses the level of credit exposure by limiting concentration in any one corporate issuer and establishing a minimum allowable credit rating. To manage its credit risk exposure, the Company maintains its portfolio of cash equivalents and available-for-sale securities in fixed income securities denominated and payable in U.S. dollars. Permissible investments of fixed income securities include obligations of the U.S. government and its agencies, money market instruments including commercial paper and negotiable certificates of deposit, and highly rated corporate debt obligations and money market funds. The Company has not experienced any material credit losses on its investments.

Cash Equivalents

Cash equivalents that are readily convertible to cash are stated at cost, which approximates fair value. The Company considers all highly liquid investments purchased with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents.

Restricted Cash

Restricted cash consists of cash balances primarily held as security in connection with a letter of credit related to the Company’s facility lease entered into in March 2017 and the Company’s corporate credit card.

Cash as Reported in Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

Cash as reported in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows includes the aggregate amounts of cash and cash equivalents and the restricted cash as presented on the consolidated balance sheets.

Cash as reported in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows consists of (in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

September 30, 

 

    

2018

    

2017

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

87,427

 

$

50,395

Restricted cash - current

 

 

10

 

 

10

Restricted cash - noncurrent

 

 

450

 

 

450

Cash balance in consolidated statements of cash flows

 

$

87,887

 

$

50,855

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PROTAGONIST THERAPEUTICS, INC.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

 

Available-for-Sale Securities

All marketable securities have been classified as “available-for-sale” and are carried at estimated fair value as determined based upon quoted market prices or pricing models for similar securities. Management determines the appropriate classification of its marketable securities at the time of purchase and reevaluates such designation as of each balance sheet date. Short-term marketable securities have maturities greater than three months but no longer than 365 days as of the balance sheet date. Long-term marketable securities have maturities of 365 days or longer as of the balance sheet date. Unrealized gains and losses are excluded from earnings and are reported as a component of comprehensive loss. Realized gains and losses and declines in fair value judged to be other than temporary, if any, on available-for-sale securities are included in interest income. The cost of securities sold is based on the specific-identification method. Interest on marketable securities is included in interest income.

Revenue Recognition

Effective July 1, 2017, the Company adopted Accounting Standards Codification Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“ASC 606”) using the full retrospective transition method. This standard applies to all contracts with customers, except for contracts that are within the scope of other standards, such as leases, insurance, collaborative arrangements under Accounting Standards Codification Topic 808, and financial instruments. Under ASC 606, the Company recognizes revenue when its customer obtains control of promised goods or services, in an amount that reflects the consideration which the Company expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services. To determine revenue recognition for arrangements that the Company determines are within the scope of ASC 606, the Company performs the following five steps: (i) identify the contract(s) with a customer; (ii) identify the performance obligations in the contract; (iii) determine the transaction price; (iv) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and (v) recognize revenue when (or as) the Company satisfies a performance obligation. The Company only applies the five-step model to contracts when it is probable that the Company will collect the consideration it is entitled to in exchange for the goods or services it transfers to the customer. At contract inception, once the contract is determined to be within the scope of ASC 606, the Company assesses the goods or services promised within each contract and determines those that are performance obligations, and assesses whether each promised good or service is distinct. The Company then recognizes as revenue the amount of the transaction price that is allocated to the respective performance obligation when (or as) the performance obligation is satisfied.

The Company entered into a license and collaboration agreement that became effective upon the resolution of regulatory requirements during the third quarter of 2017 which is within the scope of ASC 606, under which it has licensed certain rights to its PTG‑200 product candidate to a third party and may enter into other such arrangements in the future. The terms of the arrangement include payment to the Company of one or more of the following: non-refundable, up-front license fees, development and regulatory and commercial milestone payments, and royalties on net sales of licensed products.

Licenses of intellectual property:  If the license to the Company’s intellectual property is determined to be distinct from the other performance obligations identified in the arrangement, the Company recognizes revenue from non-refundable, up-front fees allocated to the license when the license is transferred to the customer and the customer is able to use and benefit from the license. For licenses that are bundled with other promises, the Company utilizes judgement to assess the nature of the combined performance obligation to determine whether the combined performance obligation is satisfied over time or at a point in time and, if over time, the appropriate method of measuring proportional performance for purposes of recognizing revenue from non-refundable, up-front fees. The Company evaluates the

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PROTAGONIST THERAPEUTICS, INC.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

measure of proportional performance each reporting period and, if necessary, adjusts the measure of performance and related revenue recognition.

Milestone payments:  At the inception of each arrangement that includes development, regulatory or commercial milestone payments, the Company evaluates whether the milestones are considered probable of being reached and estimates the amount to be included in the transaction price. ASC 606 suggests two alternatives to use when estimating the amount of variable consideration: the expected value method and the most likely amount method. Under the expected value method, an entity considers the sum of probability-weighted amounts in a range of possible consideration amounts. Under the most likely amount method, an entity considers the single most likely amount in a range of possible consideration amounts. Whichever method is used, it should be consistently applied throughout the life of the contract; however, it is not necessary for the Company to use the same approach for all contracts. The Company expects to use the most likely amount method for development and regulatory milestone payments. If it is probable that a significant revenue reversal would not occur, the associated milestone value is included in the transaction price. Milestone payments that are not within the control of the Company or the licensee, such as regulatory approvals, are not considered probable of being achieved until those approvals are received. The transaction price is then allocated to each performance obligation on a relative stand-alone selling price basis. The Company recognizes revenue as or when the performance obligations under the contract are satisfied. At the end of each subsequent reporting period, the Company re-evaluates the probability or achievement of each such milestone and any related constraint, and if necessary, adjusts its estimates of the overall transaction price. Any such adjustments are recorded on a cumulative catch-up basis, which would affect revenues and earnings in the period of adjustment. To date, the Company has not recognized any milestone payments resulting from its collaboration arrangement.

Royalties:  For arrangements that include sales-based royalties, including milestone payments based on the level of sales, and the license is deemed to be the predominant item to which the royalties relate, the Company recognizes revenue at the later of (i) when the related sales occur, or (ii) when the performance obligation to which some or all of the royalty has been allocated has been satisfied (or partially satisfied). To date, the Company has not recognized any royalty revenue resulting from its collaboration arrangement.

Up-front payments and fees are recorded as deferred revenue upon receipt or when due, and may require deferral of revenue recognition to a future period until the Company performs its obligations under these arrangements. Amounts payable to the Company are recorded as accounts receivable when the Company’s right to consideration is unconditional. The Company does not assess whether a contract has a significant financing component if the expectation at contract inception is such that the period between payment by the customer and the transfer of the promised goods or services to the customer will be one year or less.

Research and Development Costs

Research and development costs are expensed as incurred, unless there is an alternate future use in other research and development projects or otherwise. Research and development costs include salaries and benefits, stock-based compensation expense, laboratory supplies and facility-related overhead, outside contracted services including clinical trial costs, manufacturing and process development costs for both clinical and preclinical materials, research costs, development milestone payments under license and collaboration agreements, and other consulting services.

The Company accrues for estimated costs of research and development activities conducted by third-party service providers, which include the conduct of pre-clinical studies and clinical trials, and contract manufacturing activities. The Company records the estimated costs of research and development activities based upon the estimated services provided but not yet invoiced and includes these costs in accrued expenses and other payables in the condensed

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PROTAGONIST THERAPEUTICS, INC.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

consolidated balance sheets and within research and development expense in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. These costs are a significant component of the Company’s research and development expenses. The Company accrues for these costs based on factors such as estimates of the work completed and in accordance with agreements established with its third-party service providers. The Company makes significant judgments and estimates in determining the accrued liabilities at each balance sheet date. As actual costs become known, the Company adjusts its accrued liabilities. The Company has not experienced any material differences between accrued liabilities and actual costs incurred. However, the status and timing of actual services performed, number of patients enrolled, and the rate of patient enrollment may vary from the Company’s estimates, resulting in adjustments to expense in future periods. Changes in these estimates that result in material changes to the Company’s accruals could materially affect the Company’s results of operations.

Research and Development Tax Incentive

The Company is eligible under the AusIndustry research and development tax incentive program to obtain a cash amount from the Australian Taxation Office. The tax incentive is available to the Company on the basis of specific criteria with which the Company must comply. Specifically, the Company must have annual turnover of less than AUD 20.0 million and cannot be controlled by income tax exempt entities. The research and development tax incentive is recognized as a reduction to research and development expense when the right to receive has been attained and funds are considered to be collectible. The tax incentive is denominated in Australian dollars and, therefore, the related receivable is remeasured into U.S. dollars as of each reporting date.

Net Loss per Share

Basic net loss per share is calculated by dividing the net loss by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period, without consideration of potentially dilutive securities. Diluted net loss per share is the same as basic net loss per share for all periods presented since the effect of potentially dilutive securities is anti-dilutive given the net loss of the Company.

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016‑15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments, which clarifies the classification of certain cash receipts and cash payments in the statements of cash flow to eliminate the diversity in practice related to eight specific cash flow issues. This guidance is effective for fiscal years and interim periods within those years beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted this guidance effective January 1, 2018. The adoption of this guidance had no effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements and disclosures.

In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017‑09, Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting, which provides guidance on the types of changes to the terms and conditions of share-based payment awards to which an entity would be required to apply modification accounting. Specifically, an entity would not apply modification accounting if the fair value, vesting conditions and classification of the awards are the same immediately before and after the modification. This guidance is effective for fiscal years and interim periods within those years beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted this guidance effective January 1, 2018. The adoption of this guidance had no effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements and disclosures.

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PROTAGONIST THERAPEUTICS, INC.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements Not Adopted as of September 30, 2018

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016‑02, Leases (Topic 842). In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-10, Codification Improvements to Topic 842, Leases, which provides clarification to ASU 2016-02. These ASUs (collectively, the new lease standard) require an entity to recognize a lease liability and a right-of-use asset on the balance sheet for leases with lease terms of more than twelve months. Lessor accounting is largely unchanged, while lessees will no longer be provided with a source of off-balance sheet financing. This guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. Initial guidance required the adoption of the new lease standard using the modified retrospective transition method. In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-11, Leases (Topic 842) - Targeted Improvements, which allows entities to elect an optional transition method where entities may continue to apply the existing lease guidance during the comparative periods and apply the new lease requirements through a cumulative effect adjustment in the period of adoptions rather than in the earliest period presented. The Company plans to adopt the new standard on January 1, 2019 using the optional transition method. The Company established a cross-functional implementation team to develop a project plan and is currently reviewing its lease portfolio. While the Company continues to review its current accounting policies and practices to identify potential differences that would result from applying the new guidance, the Company expects that its non-cancellable operating lease commitments with a term of more than twelve months will be subject to the new guidance and recognized as right-of-use assets and operating lease liabilities on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets upon adoption. The Company expects to elect transitional practical expedients such that the Company will not need to reassess whether contracts are leases and will retain lease classification and initial direct costs for leases existing prior to the adoption of the new lease standard.

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016‑13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326), which is intended to provide financial statement users with more useful information about expected credit losses on financial assets held by a reporting entity at each reporting date. The new standard replaces the existing incurred loss impairment methodology with a methodology that requires consideration of a broader range of reasonable and supportable forward-looking information to estimate all expected credit losses. This guidance is effective for fiscal years and interim periods within those years beginning after December 15, 2019 and early adoption is permitted for fiscal years and interim periods within those years beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this new guidance on its consolidated financial statements and disclosures.

In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-07, Compensation – Stock Compensation (Topic 718), Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting, which is intended to simplify the accounting for nonemployee share-based payment transactions by expanding the scope of Topic 718 to include share-based payment transactions for acquiring goods and services from nonemployees. The guidance is effective for fiscal years and interim periods within those years beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is permitted, but no earlier than an entity’s adoption date of ASC 606. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this new guidance on its consolidated financial statements and disclosures.

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820) – Disclosure Framework – Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement, which modifies the disclosure requirements on fair value measurements and is intended to improve the effectiveness of disclosures, including the consideration of costs and benefits. The guidance is effective for the fiscal years and interim periods within those years beginning after January 1, 2020. Early adoption is permitted, and an entity is permitted to early adopt any removed or modified disclosures and delay adoption of additional disclosures until their effective date. The Company does not expect this new guidance to impact its consolidated financial statements and is currently evaluating the impact on its disclosures.

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PROTAGONIST THERAPEUTICS, INC.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-15, Intangibles -- Goodwill and Other – Internal-Use Software (Subtopic 350-40), Customer’s Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement that is a Service Contract, which is intended to align the accounting for implementation costs for hosting arrangements, regardless of whether they convey a license to the hosted software. The amended guidance requires an entity (customer) in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract to follow the guidance in Subtopic 350-40 to determine which implementation costs to capitalize as an asset related to the service contract and which costs to expense. This guidance is effective for fiscal years and interim periods within those years beginning after January 1, 2020. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this new guidance on its consolidated financial statements and disclosures.    

Note 3. Janssen Collaboration Agreement

Agreement Terms

On May 26, 2017, the Company and Janssen Biotech, Inc., ("Janssen"), one of the Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson, entered into an exclusive license and collaboration agreement for the clinical development, manufacture and potential commercialization of PTG‑200 worldwide for the treatment of Crohn’s disease ("CD") and ulcerative colitis ("UC"). Janssen is a related party to the Company as Johnson & Johnson Innovation - JJDC, Inc., a significant stockholder of the Company, and Janssen are both subsidiaries of Johnson & Johnson. PTG‑200 is the Company’s oral Interleukin 23 receptor ("IL‑23R") antagonist drug candidate currently in development. The Janssen License and Collaboration Agreement became effective on July 13, 2017. Upon the effectiveness of the agreement, the Company received a non-refundable, upfront cash payment of $50.0 million from Janssen.

Under the Janssen License and Collaboration Agreement, the Company granted to Janssen an exclusive worldwide license to develop, manufacture and commercialize PTG‑200 and related IL‑23R compounds for all indications, including CD and UC. The Company is responsible, at its own expense, for the conduct of the Phase 1 clinical trial for PTG‑200, and Janssen will be responsible for the conduct of a potential Phase 2 clinical trial for PTG‑200 in CD, including filing the Investigational New Drug application (“IND”). All such clinical trials will be conducted in accordance with a mutually agreed upon clinical development plan and budget. Development costs for the Phase 2 clinical trial will be shared between the parties on an 80%/20% basis, with Janssen assuming the larger share. Should Janssen elect to retain its license following completion of the Phase 2 clinical trial, it will be responsible, at its own expense, for the manufacture, continued development of, seeking regulatory approval for, and commercialization of PTG‑200 worldwide. The parties’ development activities under the Janssen License and Collaboration Agreement through the Phase 2 clinical trial will be overseen by a joint governance structure which will have equal representation by both parties unless both parties mutually agree to disband such structure or the Company has provided written notice to Janssen of its intention to disband and no longer participate in such structure.

The Company is eligible to receive a $25.0 million payment upon filing of the IND. Following the conclusion of the planned Phase 2a portion of the Phase 2 clinical trial, if Janssen elects to maintain its license rights and continue the development of PTG-200 in the Phase 2b portion of such clinical trial (the “First Opt-in Election”), the Company would be eligible to receive a $125.0 million payment. Following the conclusion of the planned Phase 2b portion of the Phase 2 clinical trial, if Janssen elects again to maintain its license rights (the “Second Opt-in Election”), the Company would be eligible to receive a $200.0 million payment. In addition to the opt-in fees, the Company would be eligible to receive potential development, regulatory and sales milestone payments of up to an aggregate of $590.0 million, and tiered royalties paid as a percentage of Janssen’s worldwide net sales at rates ranging from ten to the mid-teens, with certain customary reductions under certain circumstances. If Janssen does not make either the First Opt-in Election or the Second Opt-in Election, the Janssen License and Collaboration Agreement will terminate. If Janssen does not make

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PROTAGONIST THERAPEUTICS, INC.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

the Second Opt-in Election, or if at any time after the Second Opt-in Election, Janssen terminates the Janssen License and Collaboration Agreement, the Company would be obligated to pay Janssen a low single-digit royalty on worldwide net sales of PTG‑200. The Company would also have an option to provide up to 30% of the required U.S. details for PTG‑200 to prescribers, using its own sales force personnel, upon commercial launch in the United States. If such right is exercised by the Company, the Company’s detailing costs would be reimbursed by Janssen at a mutually agreed cost per primary detailing equivalent.

The Janssen License and Collaboration Agreement contains customary representations, warranties and covenants by the Company and Janssen and includes an obligation by the Company not to develop or commercialize other compounds which also target IL‑23R outside of the Janssen License and Collaboration Agreement until completion of the Phase 2b portion of the Phase 2 clinical trial. Each of the Company and Janssen is required to indemnify the other party against all losses and expenses related to breaches of its representations, warranties and covenants under the Janssen License and Collaboration Agreement.

The Janssen License and Collaboration Agreement remains in effect until the royalty obligations cease following patent and regulatory expiry, unless terminated earlier. Either the Company or Janssen may terminate the Janssen License and Collaboration Agreement for uncured material breach. Janssen retains the right to terminate the Janssen License and Collaboration Agreement for convenience and without cause on written notice of a certain period to the Company. Upon a termination of the Janssen License and Collaboration Agreement, all rights revert back to the Company, and in certain circumstances, if such termination occurs during ongoing clinical trials, Janssen would, if requested, provide certain financial and operational support to the Company for the completion of such trials.

Revenue Recognition

The Company identified the following material promises under the Janssen License and Collaboration Agreement: (1) the license related to PTG‑200, (2) the performance of development services, including regulatory support, during Phase 1 clinical trial for PTG‑200 through the filing of the IND by Janssen, and (3) compound supply services for Phase 1 and Phase 2 activities. The Company considered that the license has standalone functionality and is capable of being distinct. However, the Company determined that the license is not distinct from the development and compound supply services within the context of the agreement because the development and compound supply services significantly increase the utility of the intellectual property.

Specifically, the Company’s development, manufacturing and commercialization license can only provide benefit to Janssen in combination with the Company’s development services in the Phase 1 study. The intellectual property (“IP”) related to the peptide technology platform, which is proprietary to the Company, is the foundation for the development activities related to the treatment for CD. The compound supply services are a necessary and integral part of the development services as they could only be conducted utilizing the outcomes of these services. Given the development services under the Janssen Collaboration Agreement are expected to involve significant further development of the initial IP, the Company has concluded that the development and compound supply services are not distinct from the license, and thus the license, development services and compound supply services are combined into a single performance obligation. The nature of the combined performance obligation is to provide development and compound supply services to Janssen under the arrangement.

The Company also evaluated whether the fees related to the First Opt-in Election and Second Opt-in Election are options with material rights. These two options include additional sublicense rights and patent rights transferred to Janssen upon exercising both of these options. The Company concluded that Janssen’s opt in rights are not options with material rights because the $50.0 million upfront payment to the Company was not negotiated to provide incremental

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PROTAGONIST THERAPEUTICS, INC.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

discount for the future opt in payments at the end of Phase 2a and Phase 2b. The option to “opt in” provides Janssen with a license for IP that has been improved from the license initially granted for a term in the case of the opt in after completion Phase 2a and then a perpetual license in the case of “opt in” after completion of Phase 2b. Therefore, the First Opt-in Election and Second Opt-in Election options are not considered to be material rights. The option fees will be recognized as revenue when, and if, Janssen exercises its options because the Company has no further performance obligations at that point.

For revenue recognition purposes, the Company determined that the duration of the contract began on the effective date of July 13, 2017 and ends upon completion of Phase 2a activities. The contract duration is defined as the period in which parties to the contract have present enforceable rights and obligations. The Company analyzed the impact of Janssen terminating the agreement prior to the completion of Phase 2a and determined that there were significant economic penalties to Janssen for doing so. The Company believes that if Janssen terminates the agreement upon completion of Phase 2a, the forfeiture of the remaining license rights and payment of 50% of the remaining Phase 2 costs is not a significant economic penalty when compared to paying $125.0 million as an opt in license fee to continue the use of the License. Thus, the duration of the contract is limited to the end of Phase 2a.

The Company determined that the transaction price of the Janssen License and Collaboration Agreement was $56.4 million as of September 30, 2018, an increase of $2.5 million from the transaction price of $53.9 million at December 31, 2017. In order to determine the transaction price, the Company evaluated all the payments to be received during the duration of the contract. The Company determined that the $50.0 million upfront payment, the $25.0 million payment payable upon filing of the IND, which is fully constrained as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, and $6.4 million of estimated variable consideration for cost-sharing payments from Janssen for agreed upon services related to Phase 2 activities as of September 30, 2018 constituted consideration to be included in the transaction price, which is to be allocated to the combined performance obligation. The increase in the transaction price was due to an increase in variable consideration related to compound supply services and was recognized as a cumulative catch-up adjustment. The Company will re-evaluate the transaction price in each reporting period and as uncertain events are resolved or other changes in circumstances occur.

As part of the evaluation for determining that the $25.0 million payment upon filing of the IND is fully constrained as of September 30, 2018, the Company considered several factors, including the stage of development of PTG‑200 and that achievement of the milestone is outside of the Company’s control, and concluded that the filing of the IND is not probable at this time. If and when the filing of the IND becomes probable, the $25.0 million payment will be constrained by contra revenue amounts for payments that the Company expects to make for 20% of the cost of Phase 2 activities to be performed by Janssen. The additional potential development, regulatory and sales milestone payments of up to an aggregate of $590.0 million after the completion of Phase 2a activities that the Company is eligible to receive are outside the contract term and as such have been excluded from the transaction price. Any consideration related to sales-based milestones (including royalties) will be recognized when the related sales occur as they were determined to relate predominantly to the license granted to Janssen and therefore have also been excluded from the transaction price. At the end of each reporting period, the Company will update its assessment of whether an estimate of variable consideration is constrained and update the estimated transaction price accordingly.

The Company uses the most likely amount method to estimate variable consideration. Variable consideration for cost-sharing payments related to agreed upon services for Phase 2 activities that the Company performs within the duration of the contract are included in the transaction price at an amount equal to 80% of the estimated budgeted costs for these activities, including primarily internal full-time equivalent effort and third party contract costs. The Company is responsible for 20% of the development costs for the Phase 2 clinical trial. Accordingly, a significant portion of this work is expected to be performed by Janssen. Because the Phase 2 clinical trial activity is related to the license, it is not

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PROTAGONIST THERAPEUTICS, INC.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

capable of being distinct. This is because both the Company and Janssen cannot benefit from these activities absent the Phase 1 activities. As the Phase 2 activities for which the Company will share 20% of the cost activities are not capable of being distinct and are not separately identifiable within the context of the contract, they are not a distinct service that Janssen transfers to the Company. Therefore, the consideration payable to Janssen is accounted for as a reduction in the transaction price. The Company and Janssen make quarterly cost-sharing payments to one another in amounts necessary to ensure that each party bears its contractual share of the overall shared costs incurred. The Company accounts for cost-sharing payments from Janssen as increases in license and collaboration revenue in its consolidated statements of operations, while cost-sharing payments to Janssen are accounted for as reductions in license and collaboration revenue, or contra-revenue. Costs incurred by the Company related to agreed upon services for Phase 2 activities under the Janssen License and Collaboration Agreement are recorded as research and development expenses in its consolidated statements of operations.

In summary, the license, the development activities for Phase 1 activities and the agreed upon services for Phase 2 activities are combined as one performance obligation that will be performed over the duration of the contract, which is from the effective date of the Janssen License and Collaboration Agreement through to the completion of Phase 2a activities. Since the Company has determined that the combined performance obligation is satisfied over time, ASC 606 requires the Company to select a single revenue recognition method for the performance obligation that faithfully depicts the Company’s performance in transferring control of the services. The guidance allows entities to use two methods to measure its progress toward complete satisfaction of a performance obligation:

1.

Output methods  recognize revenue on the basis of direct measurements of the value to the customer of the goods or services transferred to date relative to the remaining goods or services promised under the contract (e.g. surveys of performance completed to date, appraisals of results achieved, milestones reached, time elapsed and units of produced or units delivered); and

2.

Input methods  recognize revenue on the basis of the entity’s efforts or inputs to the satisfaction of a performance obligation (e.g., resources consumed, labor hours expended, costs incurred, or time elapsed) relative to the total expected inputs to the satisfaction of that performance obligation.

The Company concluded that it will utilize a cost-based input method to measure proportional performance and to calculate the corresponding amount of revenue to recognize. The Company believes this is the best measure of progress because other measures do not reflect how the Company transfers its performance obligation to Janssen. In applying the cost-based input methods of revenue recognition, the Company uses actual costs incurred relative to budgeted costs to fulfill the combined performance obligation. These costs consist primarily of internal full-time equivalent effort and third-party contract costs. Revenue will be recognized based on actual costs incurred as a percentage of total budgeted costs as the Company completes its performance obligations, which the Company believes will be fulfilled within the next 12 months. A cost-based input method of revenue recognition requires management to make estimates of costs to complete the Company’s performance obligations. In making such estimates, significant judgment is required to evaluate assumptions related to cost estimates. The cumulative effect of revisions to estimated costs to complete the Company’s performance obligations will be recorded in the period in which changes are identified and amounts can be reasonably estimated. A significant change in these assumptions and estimates could have a material impact on the timing and amount of revenue recognized in future periods.

For the three months ended September 30, 2018, the Company recognized $6.1 million of license and collaboration revenue, which included $5.9 million of the transaction price for the Janssen License and Collaboration Agreement recognized based on proportional performance and $0.2 million, net for other services related to Phase 2 activities performed by the Company on behalf of Janssen that are not included in the performance obligations identified under the Janssen License and Collaboration Agreement. For the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company

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PROTAGONIST THERAPEUTICS, INC.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

recognized $28.6 million of license and collaboration revenue, which included $27.9 million of the transaction price for the Janssen License and Collaboration Agreement recognized based on proportional performance and $0.7 million, net for other services related to Phase 2 activities performed by the Company on behalf of Janssen that are not included in the performance obligations identified under the Janssen License and Collaboration Agreement.

For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, the Company recognized $8.8 million of license and collaboration revenue, which included $8.4 million of the transaction price for the Janssen License and Collaboration Agreement recognized based on proportional performance and $0.4 million for other services related to Phase 2 activities performed by the Company on behalf of Janssen that are not included in the performance obligations identified under the Janssen License and Collaboration Agreement.

The following tables present changes in the Company’s contract assets and liabilities during the periods presented (in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at

 

 

Beginning of

 

 

 

 

 

End of

Three months ended September 30, 2018

    

Period

    

Additions

    

Deductions

    

Period

Contract assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Receivable from collaboration partner - related party

 

$

5,785

 

$

1,385

 

$

(2,584)

 

$

4,586

Contract liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deferred revenue - related party

 

$

13,202

 

$

696

 

$

(5,928)

 

$

7,970

Payable to collaboration partner - related party

 

$

276

 

$

488

 

$

 —

 

$

764

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at

 

 

Beginning of

 

 

 

 

 

End of

Nine months ended September 30, 2018

    

Period

    

Additions

    

Deductions

    

Period

Contract assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Receivable from collaboration partner - related party

 

$

1,816

 

$

6,012

 

$

(3,242)

 

$

4,586

Contract liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deferred revenue - related party

 

$

31,752

 

$

4,147

 

$

(27,929)

 

$

7,970

Payable to collaboration partner - related party

 

$

 —

 

$

1,068

 

$

(304)

 

$

764

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at

 

 

Beginning of

 

 

 

 

 

End of

Three and nine months ended September 30, 2017

    

Period

    

Additions

    

Deductions

    

Period

Contract assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Receivable from collaboration partner - related party

 

$

 —

 

$

520

 

$

 —

 

$

520

Contract liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deferred revenue - related party

 

$

 —

 

$

50,132

 

$

(8,393)

 

$

41,739

 

Deferred revenue related to the Janssen License and Collaboration Agreement was $8.0 million and $31.8 million as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively, and is recognized as the combined performance obligation is satisfied. Receivable from collaboration partner for cost sharing amounts payable from Janssen was $4.6 million and $1.8 million as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. As of September 30, 2018, the Company also recorded a $0.8 million payable to collaboration partner for cost sharing amounts payable to Janssen.

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PROTAGONIST THERAPEUTICS, INC.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

During the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company recognized revenue of $5.9 million and $27.9 million, respectively, from amounts included in the contract liability balance at the beginning of the period. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, the Company did not recognize any revenue from amounts included in the contract liability balance at the beginning of the period. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, no revenue was recognized from the contract asset balance at the beginning of the period or from performance obligations satisfied in previous periods. None of the costs to obtain or fulfill the contract were capitalized.

Note 4. Fair Value Measurements

Financial assets and liabilities are recorded at fair value. The accounting guidance for fair value provides a framework for measuring fair value, clarifies the definition of fair value and expands disclosures regarding fair value measurements. Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in an orderly transaction between market participants at the reporting date. The accounting guidance establishes a three-tiered hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in the valuation methodologies in measuring fair value as follows:

Level 1—Inputs are unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities at the measurement date.

Level 2—Inputs (other than quoted market prices included in Level 1) are either directly or indirectly observable for the asset or liability through correlation with market data at the measurement date and for the duration of the instrument’s anticipated life.

Level 3—Inputs reflect management’s best estimate of what market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability at the measurement date. Consideration is given to the risk inherent in the valuation technique and the risk inherent in the inputs to the model.

In determining fair value, the Company utilizes quoted market prices, broker or dealer quotations, or valuation techniques that maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs to the extent possible and considers counterparty credit risk in its assessment of fair value.

The following table presents the fair value of the Company’s financial assets determined using the inputs defined above (in thousands).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

September 30, 2018

 

    

Level 1

    

Level 2

    

Level 3

    

Total

Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Money market funds

 

$

27,582

 

$

 —

 

$

 

$

27,582

Corporate bonds

 

 

 

 

6,020

  

 

 

 

6,020

Commercial paper

 

 

 

 

62,386

  

 

 

 

62,386

Government bonds

 

 

 

 

39,192

  

 

 

 

39,192

Total financial assets

 

$

27,582

 

$

107,598

  

$

 —

 

$

135,180

 

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PROTAGONIST THERAPEUTICS, INC.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2017

 

    

Level 1

    

Level 2

    

Level 3

    

Total

Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Money market funds

 

$

48,704

 

$

 —

 

$

 

$

48,704

Corporate bonds

 

 

 

 

6,247

  

 

 

 

6,247

Commercial paper

 

 

 

 

58,524

  

 

 

 

58,524

Government bonds

 

 

 

 

40,303

  

 

 

 

40,303

Total financial assets

 

$

48,704

 

$

105,074

  

$

 —

 

$

153,778

 

The Company’s corporate bonds, commercial paper and government bonds are classified as Level 2 as they were valued based upon quoted market prices for similar instruments in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active and model-based valuation techniques for which all significant inputs are observable in the market or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets.

Note 5. Balance Sheet Components

Cash Equivalents and Available-for-sale Securities

Cash equivalents and available-for-sale securities consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

September 30, 2018

 

 

Amortized

 

Gross Unrealized

 

 

 

    

Cost

    

Gains

    

Losses

    

Fair Value

Money market funds

 

$

27,582

 

$

 —

  

$

 

$

27,582

Corporate bonds

 

 

6,031

 

 

 —

  

 

(11)

 

 

6,020

Commercial paper

 

 

62,386

 

 

 —

  

 

 —

 

 

62,386

Government bonds

 

 

39,261

 

 

 —

  

 

(69)

 

 

39,192

Total cash equivalents and available-for-sale securities

 

$

135,260

 

$

 —

  

$

(80)

 

$

135,180

Classified as:

 

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

Cash equivalents

 

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

$

84,090

Available-for-sale securities - current

 

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

51,090

Total cash equivalents and available-for-sale securities

 

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

$

135,180

 

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PROTAGONIST THERAPEUTICS, INC.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2017

 

 

Amortized

 

Gross Unrealized

 

 

 

    

Cost

    

Gains

    

Losses

    

Fair Value

Money market funds

 

$

48,704

 

$

 —

  

$

 

$

48,704

Corporate bonds

 

 

6,254

 

 

 —

  

 

(7)

 

 

6,247

Commercial paper

 

 

58,524

 

 

 —

  

 

 

 

58,524

Government bonds

 

 

40,428

 

 

 —

  

 

(125)

 

 

40,303

Total cash equivalents and available-for-sale securities

 

$

153,910

 

$

 —

  

$

(132)

 

$

153,778

Classified as:

 

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

Cash equivalents

 

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

$

104,348

Available-for-sale securities - current

 

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

37,972

  Available-for-sale securities - noncurrent

 

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

11,458

Total cash equivalents and available-for-sale securities

 

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

$

153,778

 

All available-for-sale securities - current held as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 had contractual maturities of less than one year. All available-for-sale securities - noncurrent held as of December 31, 2017 had contractual maturities of at least one year but less than two years. There were no material realized gains or realized losses on available-for-sale securities for the periods presented.

Accrued Expenses and Other Payables

Accrued expenses and other payables consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

September 30, 

 

December 31, 

 

    

2018

    

2017

Accrued clinical and research related expenses

 

$

7,649

 

$

6,437

Accrued employee related expenses

 

 

2,410

 

 

2,718

Accrued professional service fees

 

 

332

 

 

267

Other

 

 

105

 

 

124

Total accrued expenses and other payables

 

$

10,496

 

$

9,546

 

 

 

 

Note 6. Research Collaboration and License Agreement

In October 2013, the Company’s former collaboration partner decided to abandon a collaboration program with the Company and, pursuant to the terms of the agreement between the Company and the former collaboration partner, the Company elected to assume the responsibility for the development and commercialization of the product. Upon the former collaboration partner’s abandonment, it assigned to the Company certain intellectual property arising from the collaboration and also granted the Company an exclusive license to certain background intellectual property rights of the former collaboration partner that relate to the products acquired by the Company. The nomination of PTG‑300 as a development candidate triggered a $250,000 payment from the Company to the former collaboration partner, which the Company recorded as research and development expense during the three months ended March 31, 2016. The initiation of a Phase 1 clinical study for PTG‑300 triggered an additional $250,000 payment obligation from the Company to the former collaboration partner, which the Company recorded as research and development expense during the three months ended June 30, 2017. The initiation of a Phase 2 clinical study for PTG-300, expected in the fourth quarter of 2018, would trigger an additional $500,000 payment obligation from the Company to the former collaboration partner.

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PROTAGONIST THERAPEUTICS, INC.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

The Company has the right, but not the obligation, to further develop and commercialize the product and, if the Company successfully develops and commercializes PTG‑300 without a partner, the Company will pay the former collaboration partner up to an additional aggregate of $128.5 million for the achievement of certain development, regulatory and sales milestone events. In addition, the Company will pay the former collaboration partner a low single digit royalty on worldwide net sales of the product until the later of 10 years from the first commercial sale of the product or the expiration of the last patent covering the product. 

Note 7. Government Programs

Research and Development Tax Incentive

The Company recognized AUD 409,000 ($297,000) and AUD 1.6 million  ($1.3 million) as a reduction of research and development expenses for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively, in connection with the research and development tax incentive from Australia. The Company recognized AUD 493,000  ($389,000) and AUD 1.1 million ($0.9 million) for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, respectively, in connection with the research and development tax incentive from Australia. As of September 30, 2018, and December 31, 2017, the research and development tax incentive receivable was AUD 1.6 million ($1.2 million) and AUD 1.7 million ($1.3 million), respectively.

Based on the nature of the amounts received under the Janssen License and Collaboration Agreement, the Company concluded that these amounts should be classified as statutory income for Australian taxation purposes. Accordingly, these amounts are not included in the calculation of annual turnover for the purposes of determining eligibility for the refundable research and development tax offset.

SBIR Grant

In September 2018, the Company was awarded a Phase 2 Small Business Innovation Research ("SBIR") Grant from the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health ("NIH") in support of research aimed at developing the Company’s novel hepcidin mimetic PTG-300 for the potential treatment of chronic anemia and iron overload in rare blood disorders, including beta-thalassemia. The total grant award was $1.5 million and is for the period from September 2018 to August 2020. 

In May 2017, the Company was awarded a Phase 2 SBIR Grant from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases of the NIH in support of research aimed at developing biomarkers that define IL‑23R target engagement by oral peptide antagonists and the effects of that engagement of downstream signaling. The total grant award was $1.3 million and is for the period from May 2017 to April 2019.

In July 2016, the Company was awarded a Phase 1 SBIR Grant from the National Institute of Heart and Lung Diseases of the NIH in support of pre-clinical research aimed at discovering and optimizing lead molecules as novel peptide mimetics of the natural hepcidin hormone. The total grant award was $219,000 and was for the period from August 2016 to January 2017.

The Company recognizes a reduction to research and development expenses when expenses related to the grants have been incurred and the grant funds become contractually due from NIH. The Company recorded $229,000 and $354,000 as a reduction of research and development expenses for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively. The Company recorded $103,000 and $123,000 as a reduction of research and development expenses for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, respectively. The Company recorded a receivable for $229,000

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PROTAGONIST THERAPEUTICS, INC.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

and $58,000 as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively, to reflect the eligible costs incurred under the grants that are contractually due to the Company, and such amounts are included in prepaid expenses and other current assets on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

Note 8. Commitments and Contingencies 

In March 2017, the Company entered into a lease agreement for office and laboratory space located in Newark, California. The Company relocated its operations to the new facility in May 2017. The Company provided the landlord with a $450,000 letter of credit collateralized by restricted cash as security deposit for the lease, which expires in May 2024. The Company is entitled to tenant improvement allowances of approximately $469,000, any unused portion of which expires in December 2018. The Company records tenant improvement allowances as deferred rent when funds are received and associated capital expenditures as leasehold improvements that will be amortized over the shorter of their useful life or the remaining term of the lease.

The following table summarizes the Company’s minimum lease payments related to the Newark facility as of September 30, 2018 (in thousands):

 

 

 

 

Year Ending December 31:

    

Amount

2018 (remaining three months)

 

$

477

2019

 

 

1,941

2020

 

 

2,000

2021

 

 

2,060

2022

 

 

2,121

Thereafter

 

 

3,106

Total

 

$

11,705

 

 

 

Note 9. Equity Plans

Equity Incentive Plans

In July 2016, the Company’s board of directors and stockholders approved the Company’s 2016 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2016 Plan”) to replace the 2007 Stock Option Plan. The 2016 Plan is administered by the board of directors or a committee appointed by the board of directors, which determines the types of awards to be granted, including the number of shares subject to the awards, the exercise price and the vesting schedule. Awards granted under the 2016 Plan expire no later than ten years from the date of grant. As of September  30, 2018, approximately 201,579 shares were available for issuance under the 2016 Plan.

Inducement Plan

In May 2018, the Company’s board of directors approved the 2018 Inducement Plan, a non-stockholder approved stock plan, under which it reserved and authorized up to 750,000 shares of the Company’s common stock in order to award options and restricted stock unit awards to persons that were not previously employees or directors of the Company, or following a bona fide period of non-employment, as an inducement material to such persons entering into employment with the Company, within the meaning of Rule 5635(c)(4) of the NASDAQ Listing Rules. The 2018 Inducement Plan is administered by the board of directors or the Compensation Committee of the board, which determines the types of awards to be granted, including the number of shares subject to the awards, the exercise price and the vesting schedule. Awards granted under the 2018 Inducement Plan expire no later than ten years from the date of

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PROTAGONIST THERAPEUTICS, INC.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

grant. As of September 30, 2018, approximately 645,000 shares were available for issuance under the 2018 Inducement Plan.

 

Stock Options

Stock options generally have an exercise price equal to the fair market value of the Company’s common stock on the grant date. Employee stock options generally vest over a period of four years. Non-employee director initial stock options generally vest over a period of three years, and non-employee director annual refresher stock options generally vest over a period of approximately one year. Non-employee consultant options generally vest over a period of one to four years.

Stock option activity under the Company’s equity incentive and inducement plans is set forth below:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted-

 

Weighted-

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average

 

Average

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercise

 

Remaining

 

Aggregate

 

 

Options

 

Price Per

 

Contractual

 

Intrinsic

 

    

Outstanding

    

Share

    

Life (years)

    

Value

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(in millions)

Balances at December 31, 2017

 

2,438,151

  

$

11.51

 

8.26

 

 

 

Options granted

 

1,005,400

  

 

13.51

 

  

 

 

  

Options exercised

 

(142,014)

 

 

2.79

  

 

  

 

 

Options forfeited

 

(148,058)

 

 

14.99

 

 

 

 

 

Balances at September 30, 2018

 

3,153,479

  

$

12.37

 

8.21

 

$

7.8

Options exercisable – September 30, 2018

 

1,311,184

  

$

11.05

 

7.48

 

$

4.6

Options vested and expected to vest – September 30, 2018

 

3,153,479

 

$

12.37

 

8.21

 

$

7.8


(1)

The aggregate intrinsic values were calculated as the difference between the exercise price of the options and the closing price of the Company’s common stock on September 30, 2018. The calculation excludes options with an exercise price higher than the closing price of the Company’s common stock on September 30, 2018.

During the nine months ended September  30, 2018, the estimated weighted-average grant-date fair value of common stock underlying options granted to employees was $8.35 per share.

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PROTAGONIST THERAPEUTICS, INC.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Employee Stock Options Valuation

The fair value of employee stock option awards was estimated at the date of grant using a Black-Scholes option-pricing model with the following assumptions:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

Nine Months Ended

 

 

 

September 30, 

 

 

September 30, 

 

 

    

2018

    

2017

    

    

2018

    

2017

 

Expected term (in years)

 

5.49 - 6.08

 

6.08

 

 

5.49 - 6.08

 

5.50 - 6.08

 

Expected volatility

 

61.2% - 65.1%

  

62.1%

 

 

62.0% - 66.5%

 

62.1% - 65.4%

 

Risk-free interest rate

 

2.75% - 2.98%

  

2.00%

 

 

2.42% - 2.98%

 

1.88 - 2.07%

 

Dividend yield

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Restricted Stock Units

A restricted stock unit is an agreement to issue shares of the Company’s common stock at the time of vesting. Restricted stock units vest in four equal installments on approximately the first, second, third and fourth anniversaries of the grant date.

Restricted stock unit activity under the Company’s equity incentive plans is set forth below:

Un

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted-

 

 

 

 

Average

 

 

Number of

 

Grant Date

 

 

Shares

    

Fair Value

Unvested at December 31, 2017

 

 —

 

 —

Restricted stock units granted

 

426,025

$

10.53

Restricted stock units forfeited

 

 (5,375)

    

16.95

Unvested at September 30, 2018

 

420,650

$

10.45

 

Stock-based compensation expense associated with restricted stock units is based on the fair value of the Company’s common stock on the grant date, which equals the closing market price of the Company’s common stock on the grant date. For restricted stock units, the Company recognizes compensation expense over the vesting period of the awards that are ultimately expected to vest.  

Employee Stock Purchase Plan

 

The 2016 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“2016 ESPP”) allows eligible employees to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock at a discount through payroll deductions of up to 15% of their eligible compensation. At the end of each offering period, eligible employees are able to purchase shares at 85% of the lower of the fair market value of the Company’s common stock at the beginning of the offering period or at the end of each applicable purchase period. As of September  30, 2018, a total of 102,950 shares of common stock have been issued under the 2016 ESPP, and 425,155 shares were available for issuance.

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PROTAGONIST THERAPEUTICS, INC.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

 

Stock-Based Compensation

 

Total stock-based compensation expense was as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Nine Months Ended

 

 

September 30, 

 

September 30, 

 

    

2018

    

2017

    

2018

    

2017

Research and development

 

$

1,046

 

$

600

 

$

2,424

 

$

1,399

General and administrative

 

 

971

 

 

607